Accounting Liquidity

Accounting Liquidity Concept The expression Accounting Liquidity designates the quickness or easiness with which the assets detained by an entity can be converted in payment method. For example, the current assets (products stocks, debts own by customers, etc.) are faster converted into payment methods than the fixed or tangible assets (facilities, equipments, etc.). The bigger […]

Agricultural activity

According to the International Accounting Standards, agricultural activity is the management by an entity of the biological transformation of biological assets for sale, into agricultural produce, or into additional biological assets. Agricultural activity covers a diverse range of activities; for example, raising livestock, forestry, annual or perennial cropping, cultivating orchards and plantations, floriculture, and aquaculture […]


Assets Concept: Assets is an accountancy concept that represents the group of all goods and rights, tangible or intangible, held by a certain individual or…


According to the International Accounting Standards, a Business is an integrated set of activities and assets conducted and managed for the purpose of providing: (a) a return to investors; or (b) lower costs or other economic benefits directly and proportionately to policyholders or participants. A business generally consists of inputs, processes applied to those inputs, […]

Contingent asset

A contingent asset is a possible asset that arises from past events and whose existence will be confirmed only by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events not wholly within the control of the entity. Contingent assets usually arise from unplanned or other unexpected events that give rise to the possibility […]

Contingently issuable ordinary shares

Contingently issuable ordinary shares are ordinary shares issuable for little or no cash or other consideration upon the satisfaction of specified conditions in a contingent share agreement*. As in the calculation of basic earnings per share, contingently issuable ordinary shares are treated as outstanding and included in the calculation of diluted earnings per share if […]

Contractual arrangement

According to the International Accounting Standards, the contractual arrangement may be evidenced in a number of ways, for example by a contract between the venturers or minutes of discussions between the venturers. In some cases, the arrangement is incorporated in the articles or other by-laws of the joint venture. Whatever its form, the contractual arrangement […]

Cost method

The cost method is a method of accounting for an investment whereby the investment is recognised at cost. The investor recognises income from the investment only to the extent that the investor receives distributions from accumulated profits of the investee arising after the date of acquisition. Distributions received in excess of such profits are regarded […]

Current assets

According to the International Accounting Standards, an asset shall be classified as current when it satisfies any of the following criteria: (a) it is expected to be realised in, or is intended for sale or consumption in, the entity’s normal operating cycle; (b) it is held primarily for the purpose of being traded; (c) it […]

Deferred tax assets

According to international accounting standards, deferred tax assets are the amounts of income taxes recoverable in future periods in respect of: (a) deductible temporary differences; (b) the carryforward of unused tax losses; and (c) the carryforward of unused tax credits.

Financial Autonomy

Financial Autonomy Concept Financial autonomy indicates the part of the company’s total applications, namely goods and investment applications, financial applications, stocks applications, credit granted to clients, etc., which was supported by capitals owned by the company self, this is, the called equity. This concept is extremely useful on the long term financial risk evaluation since […]

Financial statements

According to IAS – International Accounting Standards, the financial statements are a structured representation of the financial position and financial performance of an entity. The objective of general purpose financial statements is to provide information about the financial position, financial performance and cash flows of an entity that is useful to a wide range of […]

Finantial asset (accounting perspective)

A financial asset means any asset that is money, equity instrument of another entity or a contractual right to receive cash.

Government assistance

According to the International Accounting Standards, Government assistance is action by government designed to provide an economic benefit specific to an entity or range of entities qualifying under certain criteria. Government assistance for the purpose of this standard does not include benefits provided only indirectly through action affecting general trading conditions, such as the provision […]

Intangible asset

According to the International Accounting Standards, an intangible asset is an identifiable non-monetary asset without physical substance. The definition of an intangible asset requires an intangible asset to be identifiable to distinguish it from goodwill. Goodwill acquired in a business combination represents a payment made by the acquirer in anticipation of future economic benefits from […]

Investment property

Investment property is property (land or a building — or part of a building — or both) held (by the owner or by the lessee under a finance lease) to earn rentals or for capital appreciation or both, rather than for: (a) use in the production or supply of goods or services or for administrative […]

Operating activities

Operating activities are the principal revenue-producing activities of the entity and other activities that are not investing or financing activities. The amount of cash flows arising from operating activities is a key indicator of the extent to which the operations of the entity have generated sufficient cash flows to repay loans, maintain the operating capability […]

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