Systemic Management Approach
Systemic Management Approach (or System Theory) emerged, together with the Contingency Approach, as a result of the detection of several restrictions of the past management schools, namely the Classic School and Behavioral School.
The assumption that served as basis to the Systemic Management Approach was, in an organization, people, tasks and management are interdependent and are components of a system which is the organization self; such as an organic system, any change in any of the parts mandatorily affects the remaining. This system can be understood as a set of elements, dynamically related as a way to achieve a specific goal through the performance on data, information, energy, work, raw materials and financial capital (inputs) as a way to supply information, energy and products or services (outputs).
Beyond identifying the organization as a system, the Systemic Approach went even further considering it as an open system to influences from and to the exterior. From here emerges a new way of thinking for identification of the problems and its causes and evaluation of the impact of the several solution alternatives.
Two of the main names of the Systemic Approach are Daniel Katz and Robert Kahn who dedicated a great part of their work to the study of organizations as a social system.