Concept of analepsis Analepsis, or flashback, is a narrative technique, commonly used in literature and cinema, but that can also be used in theatre, and that consists on the description of events prior to the present moment of the story. This way, the chronological order of the facts is interrupted, and there is a return […]

Baltasar and Blimunda

“Baltasar and Blimunda” (“Memorial do Convento” in the original Portuguese version) is a book written by Portuguese José Saramago, that was published in 1982. The story follows the construction of Mafra Palace and Convent, whose construction was ordered by the king D. João V in 1717, as a payment of a promise he made before […]


Epic is a literary genre that is mainly characterized by the description of heroic achievements that can even be considered legendary. The word “epic” is commonly used to refer an unforgettable and unparalleled act or happening, just like it occurs in the narratives that belong to this specific genre. Normally, epic texts are poetry, but […]

Father Bartolomeu Lourenço de Gusmão

Father Bartolomeu Lourenço de Gusmão was a very well-known Jesuit priest and also an inventor, to whom is attributed the invention of the aerostat. Born in 1685 in Santos, Brazil, which at the time was still a Portuguese colony, Father Bartolomeu Lourenço de Gusmão, also known as the “Flying Father”, is an important figure for […]

Harry Potter (saga)

Harry Potter is a literary saga that belongs to the fantastic genre, and that is composed by seven book, written by the British author J. K. Rowling. The books tell the story of a young orphan, Harry Potter, who at 11 years old finds out he is a wizard. Harry had lived so far with […]


Intertextuality is a concept formulated by the Bulgarian-French philosopher Julia Kristeva, who defended that “any text is the absorption and transformation of another”[1]; the word “text” should be understood here in a broader way, as it can be a reference to any artistic or cultural production, in a visual support or not, and including verbal […]

Kundera, Milan

Milan Kundera is a French writer, with Czech origins. Born in 1929 in Brno, at the time Czechoslovakia, and currently Czech Republic, Kundera comes from a middle class family; his father was a pianist, and he was introduced to the arts world at an early age, starting to learn to play the piano with his […]


A metaphor is a figure of speech mostly used to make a comparison by using figurative elements that allows readers to apprehend the conveyed meaning. A metaphor can be easily distinguished of a comparison by the lack of the use of direct comparative term (for example, “like” or “as”), and also because it establishes a […]


The plot, or storyline, can be generally described as the total of facts that form a story, being because of that an inherent part of any narrative, whether in literature, theatre or cinema. The plot is therefore the development of the action, the story being told, the connection between all of the parts that constitute […]


Prolepsis, or flash forward, is a narrative technique to which an author resorts to describe events that occur in a period of time that corresponds to the future of the present time of the story. The utilization of this technique is very common both in literature and cinema, and it can be used in theatre […]

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