The term Autosome refers to any of the chromosomes that make up the genetic heritage of a living being, with the exception of sex chromosomes.

Cell lysis

The cell lysis is the process of destruction or dissolution of the cell caused by the rupture in the plasma membrane (…)

Cholera Toxin

Cholera toxin is a protein secreted by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae and responsible for the main symptom of cholera, an acute diarrhoea.

GFP – Green Fluorescent Protein

GFP – Green Fluorescent Protein, is the first naturally fluorescent protein that has been identified. Its discovery has revolutionized the life sciences.


Interferons are important components of the immune system that trigger cellular defences in response to infection by viruses or bacteria and tumour formation (…)


Microbiology is the branch of biology that studies the organisms of microscopic dimensions – micro-organisms – and includes Virology, bacteriology, (…)

Mycobacterium tuberculosis

Mycobacterium tuberculosis is the etiologic agent of tuberculosis discovered in 1882 by Robert Koch and, as such, it is also called Koch’s bacillus.


The osteoblast, cell found within bone tissue, is responsible for bone synthesis and mineralisation over the formation of the skeleton and further bone remodelling (…)


The osteoclast is one of the bone cells. Its function is the resorption of bone tissue over a process called remodelling (…)


Parasitology is the branch of biology that studies parasites, their characteristics, their way of life and diseases or parasitic infections caused by them.